(Bassant A. Elkattan; Pharmacy Practice Initiative subcommittee member, Pharmacy Education Commitee)
“One size does not fit all”
A statement we have been hearing lately but what does it actually mean ?
A drug may help one person but not another with the same need, or a generally safe and useful drug has toxic side effects in some subjects and occasionally is even fatal.
This might be due to different factors such as age, weight, sex, other concurrent disease/ drugs or genetic profile of an individual.
Personalized medicine is a new field of study that is concerned with understanding how the drugs are affected by the genetic makeup of an individual.
With new trends there are always new terms that we need to be familiar with and in this form I would like to discuss the difference between Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics
Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics are two disciplines with overlapping aims, the latter newer and broader than the former.
Pharmacogenetics→ study of how genetic differences in a single gene influence the variability in patients’ response to drugs
Pharmacogenomics→ study of how genetic (genome) differences in multiple genes influence the variability in patients’ response to drugs
Do you have experience with either of them ? Tell us about it !! and Lets discuss the Application and Examples of both fields in this forum !