Generally, pain is a term describing uncomfortable sensations in the body as a result of the activation of the nervous system.
It may be consistent, starts and stops frequently, or may occur only under some conditions.
It can also affect a specific part of your body or general pain.
Respond to pain is different among people. Some have a high tolerance for pain, while others have a low tolerance.
On the other hand, Pain is considered as a sign that lets us know if something is wrong and gives us hints about the cause.
Some pain can be easily diagnosed and managed at home. Other types of pain are signs of serious health conditions that require medical attention to treat .
There are several categories of pain.
The first one is to separate it into acute and chronic pain.
It comes on suddenly and has a limited duration. I resulted from damage to tissue such as bone, muscle, or organs, and it is often accompanied by anxiety or emotional distress.
Lasts longer than acute pain and somewhat more resistant to medical treatment. It's usually accompanied by a long-term illness.
In some cases, it can be one of the defining characteristic of some diseases. Chronic pain can also be a result of damaged tissue, but very often of nerve damage.
The second category is according to the kind of damage that causes pain.
The main categories are:
The third category is psychogenic pain:
It is pain that is affected by psychological factors.
It often has a physical origin either in tissue damage or nerve damage, but the pain caused by that damage is increased or prolonged by such factors as fear, depression, stress, or anxiety.
Pain can be also classified by the part of the body that's affected as muscular pain, joint pain,chest pain or back pain .
Pain is not always curable, but there are many ways to treat it. Treatment depends on the cause and type of pain. There are drug treatments, including pain relievers. There are also non-drug treatments, such as acupuncture, physical therapy, and sometimes surgery .
1- medications including pain relievers. Some are over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and others are stronger medicines, dispensed by prescription as opioids.
2- Non_medication meathos for treatment:
Acupuncture: stimulating acupuncture points which are specific points on the body. There are several acupuncture methods. The most common one is to insert thin needles through the skin.
Others methods may include using pressure, electrical stimulation, and heat. Researches suggest that acupuncture can help manage certain pain conditions.
Biofeedback techniques: They use electronic devices to measure body functions as breathing and heart rate. This help in being more aware of all the body functions and to learn how to control them. Biofeedback helps control pain, including chronic headaches and back pain.
Electrical stimulation: it depends on using a device to send electric current to your nerves or muscles. This will help treat pain by interrupting or blocking the pain signals.
Massage therapy: it is a treatment in which the soft tissues of the body are kneaded, rubbed, and stroked. It help in relaxing, and relieveing stress and pain.
Psychotherapy: It can also help people who have especially chronic pain, by helping them deal with the stress that pain can cause, addressing negative thoughts and emotions that can make pain worse.
Relaxation therapy: can help reduce muscle tension and stress, lower blood pressure, and control pain. It may involve tensing and relaxing muscles throughout the body.
Surgery: It is sometimes necessary to treat severe pain, especially when it is caused by back problems or serious musculoskeletal injuries .