Fast pace, junk foods, lack of exercise, smoking, alcohol... everything is part of a modern life which negatively affects the person's body. Eyes could not be missing out of this. In this article, there will be pinpointed the key characteristics of a bad diet or lifestyle.
1. Alcohol, alcoholism, Vitamin B deficiency:
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eyes syndrome), is dryness of the conjunctiva (the membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the white of the eye) and cornea (the clear layer in front of the iris and pupil). Too few tears may be produced, or tears may evaporate too quickly.
- optic neuritis, occurs when swelling (inflammation) damages the optic nerve. Common symptoms of optic neuritis include pain with eye movement and temporary vision loss in one eye
- colour blindness, the decreased ability to see colour or differences in colour.
In case of a liver damage would link often to jaundice, night blindness and nystagmus
2. Vitamin A deficiency:
- dry eye syndrome, also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is the condition of having dry eyes. Other associated symptoms include irritation, redness, discharge, and easily fatigued eyes. Blurred vision may also occur.
- Bitot spots, are the buildup of keratin located superficially in the conjunctiva of human's eyes. They can be oval, triangular or irregular in shape.
- Keratomalacia, is a progressive eye condition in which the cornea (the clear front part of the eye) gets cloudy and softens.
3. Vitamin C deficiency:
- subconjunctival haemorrhage, is a red spot on your eye caused by a broken blood vessel. It might look scary, but it's usually harmless. Your conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers your eye, has a lot of tiny blood vessels. When blood gets trapped beneath this layer, it's called subconjunctival.
- abnormal bleeding within the delicate blood vessels of the retina. When retinal hemorrhages occur, symptoms range from the undetectable to severe vision problems. Vision problems are often temporary, but in some instances, they can be permanent.
4. Vitamin A, B, D hypervitaminosis:
- Vitamin A: raised intraoccular pressure (glaucoma or occular hypertension), papilloedema
- Vitamin B: vision disturbances, cystoid macular oedema
- Vitamin D: calcium deposits in conjunctiva and corneal
5. BONUS: Whipple disease is a rare bacterial infection that most often affects your joints and digestive system. Whipple disease interferes with normal digestion by impairing the breakdown of foods, and hampering your body's ability to absorb nutrients, such as fats and carbohydrates.
Ocular manifestations of Whipple's disease include blurred vision or visual loss with one or more of the following findings: vitritis, uveitis, retinitis, retinal hemorrhage, choroiditis, papilledema, optic atrophy, and keratitis.